With 63 spectacular beaches, 20 beautiful bays, surrounded by several exquisite coral reefs and shipwrecks, Rottnest Island has some of Australia’s best snorkel trails, swimming spots and surf breaks. On dry land, Rottnest Island is home to many unique flora and fauna, including the happiest animal on Earth – the world famous quokka.
Around 7,000 years ago, the sea level rose and Rottnest Island was separated from the mainland, becoming the largest in a chain of islands located on the continental shelf across from Perth. Rottnest Island is formed of a limestone base, which effects the types of plant varieties that can grow, in turn effecting the species of animal who can feed on these plants.
Surrounding this base, is a limestone coral reef which is ~100, 000 years old. The Rottnest reef system is part of the warm Leeuwin Current and is home for much of Rottnest Island's aquatic life, while being a shipping hazard which has resulted in 12 main shipwrecks close to the island.
Rottnest Island is an A-Class Reserve meaning that all flora and fauna inhabiting Rottnest Island are protected by law. In order for this unique and wonderful ecosystem to continue to survive and thrive, we ask you to please not disturb the wildlife and observe from a reasonable distance.